History of Development : The internet has been embedded in modern human life. Almost all people of various ages, ranging from children, teenagers, to the elderly are familiar with the internet. This is because the internet is able to connect the whole world in real time.
You can search for various kinds of information around the world only with the internet, including when reading this article. The internet can also connect you with people in other parts of the world without having to visit in person or struggle to fly by plane.
What is the Internet?
Even though you are familiar with the internet, you may not fully understand what the internet is. Internet stands for Interconnected Network. As a global communications network that connects computers and computer networks around the world, the internet allows you to share information and communicate from anywhere and with anyone.
Meanwhile, the Transmission Control Protocol or Internet Protocol Suite (abbreviated as TCP/IP) is used as the standard for supporting internet technologies used globally. TCP/IP is a packet exchange protocol that can be used for billions of users in the world.
Understanding the Internet According to Experts
After understanding the meaning of the internet in general, let’s know the meaning of the internet according to the experts. Here’s the full explanation.
1. Understanding the Internet according to the KBBI
According to KBBI or PUEBI, the internet is an electronic communication network that connects computer networks and computer facilities organized around the world via telephone or satellite.
2. Understanding the Internet According to Onno W. Purbo
Onno W. Purbo, who is known as a figure and expert in the field of information technology, defines the internet as a medium that allows a communication process that can run efficiently by connecting devices to various applications. The internet is used to streamline the communication process that is connected through various applications, such as the Web, VoIP, and email.
3. Understanding the Internet According to Drew Heywood
Drew Heywood (1996) in Concepts and Applications of Microsoft TCP/IP (translated by Daniel M.W.), the internet is a technological term that emerged in the late 60s, when the United States Department of Defense (DoD) needed a new standard for Internetworking communications. .
This new standard is a standard that can connect various types of computers in the DoD with computers of military contractors, research organizations or also scientific ones such as universities. This network must be strong, safe, and resistant to damage so that it can be operated under minimum conditions in the event of a disaster or war.
History of Internet Development
The internet has a long history. First appeared in 1969 in the form of a computer network created by ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). ARPA built the first internet network which was later named the ARPANET. This is the forerunner of the formation of the internet network that you know today.
The internet continued to grow until in the 1980s this network was able to connect top universities in the United States, but access was limited. In 1982, the standard protocol TCP / IP began to be applied to the public. It was only in 1986 that the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was founded as a replacement for the ARPANET. At that time, networks in several countries began to connect.
In the past, information obtained from the internet was only text-based. Only in 1990, a similar service based on graphic display known as WWW (World Wide Web) began to be developed by CERN. Later, InterNIC was founded in 1993 to run domain registration services. This is because the rules appear for domain names and IP addresses in the form of numeric symbols and certain formats as computer system identifiers.
Internet Login to Indonesia
After the emergence of InterNIC, the internet entered Indonesia in 1994. At that time, the internet in Indonesia was known by a unique name, namely the Paguyuban Network. Names, such as RMS Ibrahim, Adisoemarta, Suryono, Muhammad Ihsan, Putu, Robby Soebiakto, Firman Siregar, Adi Idrayanto, and Onno Purbo were listed as some of the early development figures of the internet in Indonesia, to be precise around 1992-1994.
Now, the internet has grown rapidly. Currently, many countries are competing to try to fulfill and expand the reach of the internet using satellite. On the other hand, the technology industry is also racing to develop networks. Starting from 2G, 3G, 4G, and now it has reached 5G.
After understanding what the internet is and its history, let’s get to know what the benefits of the internet are. Do not let you use the internet for daily activities, but are still confused about what the benefits are. Here are the benefits of the internet that you may not have realized.
1. Information Source
The Internet provides a wealth of information from all over the world. This happens because the internet is able to connect many devices in the world to support the exchange of data and information. So, you can get various information only with the internet. The way to get information on the internet is by typing keywords in a search engine. Later, a choice of information will appear that matches the keywords you typed.
Connecting the first benefits of the internet as a source of information, the internet is also useful for educational and cultural activities. So, you can be educated easily using the help of the internet. Many studies, books, or the like are shared on the internet. So, you can download and use it as an educational reference. As a computer network that is interconnected throughout the world, the internet can also teach you cultural values in each region and country.
Not only for important activities. The internet is also widely used as a place to find entertainment. Currently. There are many entertainment options that can be obtain from the internet. Such as watching movies and series. Videos on YouTube. Social media content. Or playing online games.
The internet has even replaced the role of other entertainment media, such as TV to radio. Not infrequently, there are people who also prefer to find entertainment on the internet rather than having to meet directly with other people.
4. Supporting Economic Activities
Finally, the internet also has benefits to support economic activities. Technological sophistication allows economic activities to be carri out online. Through marketplaces. E-commerce. Or online stores. This makes you do not have to bother to transact directly when you want to buy and sell goods. Simply using the internet. Transactions can be complet without having to move from a chair or even a b.
Negative Impact of the Internet
In addition to providing many benefits, the presence of the internet also has a negative impact. Maybe you are not aware of the negative impact of the internet or even consider it a normal thing. The following are the negative effects of the internet.
1. Hate Speech
The internet does make it easy to share information. However, this convenience is also in line with giving criticism to anyone through social media. Worse, such criticism can be present without a clear basis and more likely to lead to hate speech. The internet does not yet have a filter to deal with this hate speech. Usually, famous figures or public figures become easy targets for people who abuse the internet as a place for hate speech.
So. Make it a habit to look for information clearly and with certainty so that it is not easily consum by fake news or hate speech. In addition, do not consider freedom of expression on social media to be a means to criticize without a clear basis and even insult others.
2. Lots of Illegal Content
The internet also makes a lot of illegal content appear. There are videos that contain inappropriate things, such as immoral acts, crimes, to pornography that are not child-friendly. This makes adults need to exercise control over children who use the internet.
In addition, there are also film content to illegal music circulating on the internet. This clearly violates copyrights and laws and harms the relevant authorities. Illegal content on the internet also has the potential to bring in viruses and malware that can damage your device.
3. Internet Crime
Another negative impact of the internet is cyber crime. Not only crime in the real world, crimes also target the virtual world or the internet. Usually, cybercriminals will target innocent people or often share important data on the internet. Various cyber crimes, such as hacking, cracking, and spamming. The internet that should give you convenience has actually become a place to commit crimes in the hands of irresponsible people.
Difference InInternet, Intranet and Extranet
As explained earlier, the internet is able to connect many computer networks around the world. The internet network does not only connect a company or region, but the whole world.
Meanwhile. The intranet is us to spe up the process of exchanging information or data within a company or organization. Typically. Intranets are operat using a LAN (Local Area Network) or WAN (Wide Area Network). The main function of the intranet is to connect one computer with another computer or network device in the company’s internal.
While the extranet is a network that usually connects the parent company’s intranet with the company’s customers’ intranets. So. The process of communicating and sending information becomes easier.
The main function of the extranet is to facilitate the exchange of large-scale data from one company to another. Extranets also function as access providers that contain important information and databases for business purposes. Well, that’s the meaning of the internet, its history of development, and its benefits. So. Don’t get confus if ask or there is a discussion about the internet. May be useful!